Diabetes FAQ: Popular Diabetes Questions Answered

2. I’ve heard that there are two different types of diabetes?  How are they different?

The most common types of diabetes are called type 1 and type 2 diabetes.

Type 1 diabetes patients produce low or no insulin in the pancreas, which is why insulin shots are essential for those with the disease.  Type 1 can strike at any age, but it typically develops in childhood and in the late teen years.

Type 2 diabetes also produces low amounts of insulin in the pancreas—so low that the body’s cells are resistant to it. Those with type 2 diabetes also often need insulin to regulate their blood glucose levels, but they typically also require a regular regimen of healthy diet, exercise, and oral medication. Type 2 can occur at any age, but is most often seen in overweight individuals over the age of 40.

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