6 Causes of Malocclusion

Malocclusion: defined as the misalignment of the upper and lower sets of teeth, it’s one of the most straightforward problems in dentistry. There are essential three classes of malocclusion: class 1, which involves a normal bite but slight overlapping of the teeth; class 2, where overbite is clear and pronounced; and class 3, where a severe misalignment causes the lower jay to stick forward to an extent that it causes significant problems for the patient, such as discomfort or even pain while chewing.
Unfortunately for those dealing with the issue, there’s no single or simple answer to the problem. Solutions often involve wearing braces for several years to undergoing complex surgery with long recovery times. But what, exactly, causes malocclusion? The bad news is that some causes of this condition cannot be easily avoided. The good news is that there are some things that can be done to limit the chances that malocclusion, and the misalignment of the teeth, will occur.

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1. Genetics

First, the bad news: if you’re genetically predisposes to malocclusion, you may have limited opportunities to prevent misalignment of the teeth from developing. That’s because your genetic makeup — or your biological connection to your parents and grandparents — indicates that you will inevitably experience some level of malocclusion.

If this is the case in your family, be sure that any children see a dentist regularly. Make sure to have a conversation with your dentist about the possibility of malocclusion developing — this will allow him or her to be active in looking for early signs of the condition, such as overcrowding of the teeth or the emergence of abnormal bite patterns.

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