Having fluid in your skull around your brain is normal – however, when that fluid becomes excessive and causes a widening of the ventricles in the brain, it’s known as hydrocephalus. This natural fluid is called cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) meant to cradle your brain from injury, notes MedicineNet.com.
Having an accumulation of CSF can put pressure on the brain tissues that can lead to physical and cognitive impacts. The source notes that while there are no official statistics, it’s estimated that 1 in 500-children has a form of this condition. Here are seven things to know about it…
MedicineNet explains the symptoms of this disease can differ depending on the age of the patient as well as individual factors. Since an infant’s skull is not yet fully fused (the joints that connect the bones are called sutures), the fluid buildup will cause a baby’s head to expand among other obvious signs such as “sunsetting” (downward deviation) of the eyes.
Meanwhile, in older children and adults, the skull cannot expand to accommodate the extra fluid. That means the appearance of the disease won’t be as noticeable from the outside, but the patient will experience a variety of symptoms ranging from headache, nausea, swelling of the optic nerve, and even memory loss, notes the source.