Wikipedia describes eating disorders as “mental disorders defined by abnormal eating habits that negatively affect a person’s physical or mental health.” It includes anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, pica, binge eating disorder, and rumination disorder. However, it excludes obesity.
Eating disorders are linked with both genetics and situational factors. Cultural obsession with thinness as evidenced in media and advertising is thought to play a role. Ten times more females than males are affected by some type of eating disorder. In addition, these disorders often develop early in adolescence or young adults. People who have experienced sexual abuse have a higher risk of developing an eating disorder. The good news is that over 70-percent of people diagnosed with anorexia, 50-percent of those diagnosed with bulimia, and 40-percent or more of those with binge eating disorder will make a full recovery…
People who have anorexia will deliberately restrict their food and caloric intake in order to achieve an abnormally low body weight. If left untreated, this disorder can prove fatal.
This eating disorder affects 0.4-percent of adolescents and young women. However it is estimated that more than 4-percent of all women will struggle with anorexia nervosa over the course of their lifetime.